Not just fisherfolk: winter housing and the seasonal lifeways of rural Euro-Newfoundlanders

Venovcevs, Anatolijs (2017) Not just fisherfolk: winter housing and the seasonal lifeways of rural Euro-Newfoundlanders. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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From the mid-seventeenth to the mid-twentieth century, European and European-descendent people in rural parts of the island of Newfoundland practiced a semimigratory, i.e. transhumant, tradition known colloquially as winter housing. This tradition saw rural Euro-Newfoundlanders shift their primary homes from the fishing villages in the summer to wintering camps in more sheltered areas of the island where they hunted, trapped, cut lumber, and prepared for the next fishing season. Through examination of written and oral accounts on the tradition and archaeological surveys of five different winter houses, this research seeks to broaden the understanding of this tradition. It is argued that instead of being apart from the fishery, winter houses are elements of a deeply complex, integrated, organic system that allowed early Euro-Newfoundlanders to maximize life in their environment and survive in a rugged, unpredictable, North Atlantic environment. Euro-Newfoundlanders were not just fisherfolk but adaptable, resourceful residents of their island home.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 12636
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 197-230).
Keywords: transhumance, winter housing, Newfoundland, seasonality, periphery, transience, marginality
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Archaeology
Date: May 2017
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Quality of life; Fisheries -- Newfoundland and Labrador -- History; Rural development -- Newfoundland and Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador -- Social conditions; Newfoundland and Labrador -- Antiquities

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