Ad-atoms and their enhancement effects on Pt activity for formic acid oxidation

Khan, Muhammad Akhtar (2016) Ad-atoms and their enhancement effects on Pt activity for formic acid oxidation. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Formic acid oxidation has been widely studied at Pt as a model reaction to understand fundamental aspects of electrocatalytic reactions in fuel cells. Electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid takes place through two parallel pathways (direct and indirect). The indirect pathway proceeds via CO as an intermediate, which is known to be responsible for the poisoning of Pt and its consequent decrease in activity. Surface modification of Pt with ad-atoms is known to hinder this poisoning and promote the direct pathway. The incorporation of polymers (polyaniline, polycarbazole, polyindole) as supports also increases activity. Irreversibly adsorbed Sb and Bi on Pt are known to show high electrocatalytic activity for formic acid oxidation. This work presents the dependence of Sb and Bi irreversible adsorption on immersion time, metal solution concentration and pH. The activity of Sb and Bi modified Pt was correlated against immersion time and percent coverage of Pt by ad-atoms. Polyaniline support effects in combination with a Bi modified Pt catalyst showed enhancement in oxidation current compared to Pt-Bi.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 12152
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 98-102).
Keywords: Electrochemistry, Fuel Cells, Pt, Catalysts, Formic Acid Oxidation
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Chemistry
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Formic acid--Oxidation; Electrocatalysis; Catalyst poisoning; Platinum catalysts; Proton exchange membrane fuel cells; Platinum--Surfaces

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