The process of implementing a new baby-friendly hospital initiative for nurses: a grounded theory study

McCully, Susan Catherine (2016) The process of implementing a new baby-friendly hospital initiative for nurses: a grounded theory study. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Maternity nursing practice is changing across Canada with the movement toward becoming “baby friendly.” The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) as a standard of care in hospitals worldwide. Very little research has been conducted with nurses to explore the impact of the initiative on nursing practice. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to examine the process of implementing the BFHI for nurses. The study was carried out using Corbin and Strauss’s method of grounded theory. Theoretical sampling was employed, which resulted in recruiting and interviewing 13 registered nurses whose area of employment included neonatal intensive care, postpartum, and labour and delivery. The data analysis revealed a central category of resisting the BFHI. All of the nurses disagreed with some of the 10 steps to becoming a baby-friendly hospital as outlined by the WHO. Participants questioned the science and safety of aspects of the BFHI. Also, participants indicated that the implementation of this program did not substantially change their nursing practice. They empathized with new mothers and anticipated being collectively reprimanded by management should they not follow the initiative. Five conditions influenced their responses to the initiative, which were (a) an awareness of a pro-breastfeeding culture, (b) imposition of the BFHI, (c) knowledge of the health benefits of breastfeeding, (d) experiential knowledge of infant feeding, and (e) the belief in the autonomy of mothers to decide about infant feeding. The identified outcomes were moral distress and division between nurses. The study findings could guide decision making concerning the implementation of the BFHI.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 12080
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 100-109).
Keywords: Baby Friendly Hospital initiative, Nursing, Qualitative Research, Grounded theory, Breastfeeding, Nurses Experiences
Department(s): Nursing, Faculty of
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Maternity nursing--Administration; Nurses--Attitudes; Breastfeeding promotion
Medical Subject Heading: Maternal-Child Nursing; Attitude of Health Personnel; Breast Feeding

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