Implementation of Marine Protected Areas as a governability challenge in Southern Brazil

De Oliveira Leis, Mirella (2016) Implementation of Marine Protected Areas as a governability challenge in Southern Brazil. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been endorsed internationally as a tool promoting marine conservation. MPAs implementation can however be challenging, with many not achieving conservation objectives while creating conflicts with small-scale fishers, often overlooked. This study aims at exploring how MPA implementation can be improved, taking as a case study the Marine National Park of Currais Islands in Southern Brazil. Specifically, this thesis offers a theoretical contribution by applying the interactive governance framework to analyze both the natural and the social systems, focusing on small-scale fishers, governed by the MPA as an institution. The thesis also presents a methodological contribution, as it develops and applies an exploratory mapping approach. We surveyed 65 small-scale fishers from eight communities at Pontal do ParanĂ¡ municipality, and conducted an exploratory mapping approach in small groups. Main findings point to challenges and opportunities to MPA implementation, and offer a way to involve small-scale fishers in the discussion about MPAs.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 12072
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Small-scale fisheries, Interactive governance, Marine National Park of Currais Islands, Marine Protected Areas, Conservation, GIS, Participatory mapping, MPA, Coastal governance
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Geography
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Brazil
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Marine parks and reserves--Brazil; Parks--Management; Small-scale fisheries--Brazil, Southern; Marine resources--Management; Fishers--Brazil, Southern--Attitudes

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