Structure, energetics and reactions of metal cation complexes of dipeptides in the gas phase

Beyramzadeh Moghaddam, Maryam (2015) Structure, energetics and reactions of metal cation complexes of dipeptides in the gas phase. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Structure, energetics and reactions of ions in the gas phase can be revealed by mass spectrometry techniques coupled to ions activation methods. Ions can gain enough energy for dissociation by absorbing IR light photons introduced by an IR laser to the mass spectrometer. Also collisions with a neutral molecule can increase the internal energy of ions and provide the dissociation threshold energy. Infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) or sustained off-resonance irradiation collision-induced dissociation (SORI-CID) methods are combined with Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometers where ions can be held at low pressures for a long time. The outcome of ion activation techniques especially when it is compared to the computational methods results is of great importance since it provides useful information about the structure, thermochemistry and reactivity of ions of interest. In this work structure, energetics and reactivity of metal cation complexes with dipeptides are investigated. Effect of metal cation size and charge as well as microsolvation on the structure of these complexes has been studied. Structures of bare and hydrated Na and Ca complexes with isomeric dipeptides AlaGly and GlyAla are characterized by means of IRMPD spectroscopy and computational methods. At the second step unimolecular dissociation reactions of singly charged and doubly charged multimetallic complexes of alkaline earth metal cations with GlyGly are examined by CID method. Also structural features of these complexes are revealed by comparing their IRMPD spectra with calculated IR spectra of possible structures. At last the unimolecular dissociation reactions of Mn complexes are studied. IRMPD spectroscopy along with computational methods is also employed for structural elucidation of Mn complexes. In addition the ion-molecule reactions of Mn complexes with CO and water are explored in the low pressures obtained in the ICR cell.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 11682
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Gas Phase, Metal Cation, Peptide, Mass Spectrometry
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Chemistry
Date: November 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Organic compounds--Analysis; Ionization; Mass spectrometry; Dissociation; Organic compounds--Structure

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