Implementation of a workplace self-management program to reduce worker absenteeism

Mian, Samra (2006) Implementation of a workplace self-management program to reduce worker absenteeism. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Objective: Sedentary office workers are at a high risk of developing recurring musculoskeletal injuries that can lead to long-term disability subsequently resulting in increased workplace absenteeism. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of a 6-week self management workplace program in reducing long-term absenteeism among office workers. Methods: In collaboration with physiotherapists, occupational therapists, and a rheumatologist, a self-management program was designed using the guiding principles of the Arthritis Self Management Program and delivered as a 6-session course by a trained facilitator. Sedentary office workers obtained from three worksites were randomized into the intervention and non-intervention group. Baseline demographics and baseline absenteeism data were obtained for both groups. Absenteeism data were collected one year after intervention and evaluated for both the active and control group. Paired t-test was used to determine the efficacy of the program in reducing workplace absenteeism. Analysis of Covariance was used to evaluate absenteeism and other determinants of workplace absenteeism. -- Results: A total of 146 participants completed the program with 86 receiving the self-management program (intervention). The baseline demographics of the participants in the intervention and control groups were similar with respect to age, sex, marital status, education level, musculoskeletal pain, helplessness, depressive symptoms, and baseline absenteeism (Year 2003). The evaluation of the primary outcome demonstrated that the intervention had no significant effect on overall absenteeism between the control and intervention group (P=0.42). Furthermore, workplace determinants including depression, previous musculoskeletal pain, and frequency of pain, did not influence worker absenteeism. -- Conclusion: This one-year prospective study evaluated outcomes of a workplace self management program designed to target office workers. Implementation of this new program showed it had no effect on workplace absenteeism.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 11039
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: 2006
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Absenteeism (Labor)--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's; Musculoskeletal system--Diseases--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's.
Medical Subject Heading: ; Absenteeism--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's; Musculoskeletal System--injuries--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's.

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