Systemic inhibition of mTOR kinase via rapamycin disrupts consolidation and reconsolidation of auditory fear memory

MacCallum, Phillip Edward (2013) Systemic inhibition of mTOR kinase via rapamycin disrupts consolidation and reconsolidation of auditory fear memory. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase is a critical regulator of mRNA translation and is known to be involved in various long lasting forms of synaptic and behavioural plasticity. However, information concerning the temporal pattern of mTOR activation and susceptibility to pharmacological intervention during both consolidation and reconsolidation of long-term memory (L TM) remains scant. Male C57BL/6 mice were injected systemically with rapamycin at various time points following conditioning or retrieval in an auditory fear conditioning paradigm, and compared to vehicle (and/or anisomycin) controls for subsequent memory recall. Systemic blockade of mTOR with rapamycin immediately or 12 hours after training or reactivation impaired both consolidation and reconsolidation of an auditory fear memory. Further behavioural analysis revealed that the enduring effects of rapamycin on reconsolidation were dependent upon reactivation of the memory trace. Rapamycin, however, had no effect on short-term memory or the ability to retrieve an established fear memory. Collectively, these data suggest that biphasic mTOR signalling is essential for both consolidation and reconsolidation-like activities that contribute to the formation, re-stabilization, and persistence of long term auditory-fear memories, while not influencing other aspects of the memory trace. These findings also provide cogent evidence for a treatment model for acquired anxiety disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and specific phobias, through pharmacologic blockade of mTOR using systemic rapamycin following reactivation.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 10257
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 32-43).
Keywords: mTOR; Reconsolidation; Consolidation; Auditory fear memory; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Rapamycin
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Psychology
Science, Faculty of > Psychology
Date: 2013
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Protein kinases; Rapamycin; Animal memory; Post-traumatic stress disorder; Mice--Behavior.

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