Harbour survey and genetic analysis of non-indigenous ascidian tunicates in Newfoundland

Callahan, Ashley G. (2009) Harbour survey and genetic analysis of non-indigenous ascidian tunicates in Newfoundland. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

This study is the first assessment of non-indigenous ascidians (NIA) in Newfoundland. Field work was conducted from 2006-2007 in four harbours to assess the abundance and biodiversity of megainvertebrates on wharf pilings, including indigenous and non-indigenous ascidians. Quadrat samples, visual surveys and photographic records were taken in each harbour. The most common species found in the survey were Mytilus spp. Two NIA were also found, Botrylloides violaceus and Botryllus schlosseri. -- Variation in cytochrome oxidase I gene of mitochondrial DNA was analyzed for these NIA, as well as for two indigenous ascidians (Boltenia echinata & Halocynthia pyriformis), in order to determine within and between species variation for future use in genetic marker design and to identify probable source populations. There was less nucleotide dissimilarity within species (≤15.6 %) than among species (17.7 - 25.8 %). The probable source populations of B. schlosseri in Newfoundland are from locations in the Northwestern Atlantic and Europe, specifically the Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea coasts of France and Spain.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/8824
Item ID: 8824
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Environmental Science
Date: 2009
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Introduced aquatic organisms--Newfoundland and Labrador; Sea squirts--Genetics--Newfoundland and Labrador; Sea squirts--Variation--Newfoundland and Labrador

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