Holism for target recognition in synthetic aperture radar imagery

El-Darymli, Khalid (2015) Holism for target recognition in synthetic aperture radar imagery. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Reductionism and holism are two worldviews that underlie the fields of linear and nonlinear signal processing, respectively. In the reductionist worldview, deviation from linearity is seen as a noise that warrants removal. In the holistic worldview, the system is viewed as a whole that cannot be fully understood solely in terms of its constituent parts. Conventional radar resolution theory is a direct application of the reductionist view. Consequently, analysis of single-channel synthetic aperture radar imagery for automatic target recognition (SAR-ATR) has traditionally been based on linear techniques associated with the image intensity while the phase content is ignored. The insufficiency of the linear system theory to extended targets has been empirically observed in the literature. This thesis consists of a development of novel tools that exploit the nonlinear phenomenon in focused single-channel SAR imagery and application of these tools to the SAR-ATR problem. A systematic procedure to infer the statistical significance of the nonlinear dynamics is introduced. Furthermore, two novel frameworks for feature extraction from complex-valued SAR imagery are presented. The first framework is solely based on the often ignored phase content, and it is built on techniques from the fields of complex-valued and directional statistics. The second framework utilizes complexvalued SAR imagery and provides for exploiting nonlinear and nonstationary signal analysis methods based on the Poincaré and Hilbert views for nonlinear phenomena. Using real-world SAR datasets, the overall results confirm the statistical significance of the nonlinear effect for the case of extended targets. Furthermore, when the complexvalued SAR image is detected, the nonlinear dynamics are found to be obliterated or greatly altered. The efficacy of the frameworks developed is clearly demonstrated.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/8356
Item ID: 8356
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 227-233).
Keywords: radar, SAR, resolution theory, phase modulation, nonlinear dynamics, chaos theory, target recognition, impropriety, complex-valued signal, sonar, SAS, adaptive analysis, generalized central limit theorem, Poincare view, Hilbert view, holism, reductionism, extended target, point target, noncircularity, target detection, target classification, coherent imaging, nonlinear signal processing, nonlinear phenomena, emergence phenomenon, SAR-ATR, complex-valued statistics, directional statistics, MSTAR, Radarsat-2, Spotlight
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: January 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Synthetic aperture radar; Computer algorithms; Image processing--Digital techniques; Pattern recognition systems

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