Hender, Calvin Eugene (1971) Le système des prepositions à et de. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
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The late French Linguist, Gustave Guillaume, who deemed it necessary to examine language both from its mental aspect, langue, and from its perceivable aspect, discours, proposed the theory that language is the creation of discourse (discours) from a pre-existent tongue (langue). In so doing, he not only paved the way for an adequate examination of speech but for a deeper, more penetrating analysis of the underlying mental forms which give rise to the myriad of uses to be found in everyday speech. Since discours is observable and langue is not, he maintained that the true study of any linguist should be concerned with attempting to discover and to understand the underlying mental forms that call up the many and varied uses on the perceivable side of language. -- With these principles in mind, we have tried in this study to apply the Guillaumian theory to the system of the prepositions à and de in Modern French. As a result, Chapter One is devoted to a brief summary of the Guillaumian view of language, followed by, in Chapter Two, an application of the theory to the parts of speech. Chapter Three is intended to pave the way for a closer analysis of our problem by taking a cursory look at the preposition in general. -- Finally in Chapter Four, we have attempted to examine the prepositions à and de using the methodology outlined in the first three chapters. Our endeavour has been to try to establish how these prepositions are generated in langue so as to produce the many and varied effects in discours. -- It is hoped that the present study will shed some light upon the contributions of Gustave Guillaume to the study of language and how his findings may be applied to a particular grammatical system.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Additional Information:||Bibliography: leaves 110-113. -- Abstract in French and English.|
|Department(s):||Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > French and Spanish|
|Library of Congress Subject Heading:||French language--Prepositions|
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