Numerical implementation and modeling of earthquake induced landslides for slopes with soft and sensitive clay layers

Islam, Naveel (2017) Numerical implementation and modeling of earthquake induced landslides for slopes with soft and sensitive clay layers. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Earthquake induced landslides pose a significant threat to many communities, environment and infrastructure. The potential damages could be severe in sensitive clay slope failures because the post-peak softening behaviour could cause retrogressive failure of soil blocks resulting in large-scale landslides. The failed soil blocks generally displace over a large distance during earthquake and post-quake stages. Therefore, upslope retrogression and downslope runout are two important phenomena need to be studied for better understanding of risks associated with landslides in sensitive clays. The traditional limit equilibrium methods, commonly used in slope stability analysis, cannot model retrogressive failure or deformation of slopes. The present study concentrates on development of large deformation finite element (FE) models using a Coupled Eulerian- Lagrangian (CEL) approach to simulate the failure of soft and sensitive clay slopes triggered by earthquakes. Analyses are performed for pseudostatic and dynamic loading conditions modeling the undrained behaviour of clay as elasto-plastic material with and without post-peak degradation of shear strength. A nonlinear post-peak strength degradation model as a function of accumulated plastic shear strain is implemented in FE analysis. In addition to CEL, FE analyses are performed using Lagrangian-based FE techniques to show the advantages of CEL to simulate large landslides. The CEL approach can successfully simulate the formation of shear bands (zone of accumulated shear strains), type of failure commonly observed after earthquake, upslope retrogression and downslope runout for varying geometry and soil properties.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12592
Item ID: 12592
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Geotechnical Engineering
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2017
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Landslide hazard analysis; Geotechnical engineering

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