Development of a high-frequency surface-wave radar cross section model for icebergs

Ryan, Bernard J. (2016) Development of a high-frequency surface-wave radar cross section model for icebergs. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

In this thesis, the first-order radar cross section (RCS) of an iceberg is derived and simulated. This analysis takes place in the context of a monostatic high frequency surface wave radar with a vertical dipole source that is driven by a pulsed waveform. The starting point of this work is a general electric field equation derived previ- ously for an arbitrarily shaped iceberg region surrounded by an ocean surface. The condition of monostatic backscatter is applied to this general field equation and the resulting expression is inverse Fourier transformed. In the time domain the excitation current of the transmit antenna is specified to be a pulsed sinusoid signal. The result- ing electric field equation is simplified and its physical significance is assessed. The field equation is then further simplified by restricting the iceberg's size to fit within a single radar patch width. The power received by the radar is calculated using this electric field equation. Comparing the received power with the radar range equation gives a general expression for the iceberg RCS. The iceberg RCS equation is found to depend on several parameters including the geometry of the iceberg, the radar frequency, and the electrical parameters of both the iceberg and the ocean surface. The RCS is rewritten in a form suitable for simulations and simulations are carried out for rectangularly shaped icebergs. Simulation results are discussed and are found to be consistent with existing research.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12060
Item ID: 12060
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 80-83).
Keywords: High Frequency Radar, Radar, Radar Cross Section, Icebergs, Surface-Wave Radar, Remote Sensing, HF Radar, Iceberg Radar Cross Section
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Icebergs--Simulation methods; Radar cross sections; Surface waves (Oceanography)--Remote sensing

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