Geometric inequalities for initial data with symmetries

Alaee, Aghil (2015) Geometric inequalities for initial data with symmetries. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

We consider a class of initial data sets (Σ,h,K) for the Einstein constraint equations which we define to be generalized Brill (GB) data. This class of data is simply connected, U(1)²-invariant, maximal, and four-dimensional with two asymptotic ends. We study the properties of GB data and in particular the topology of Σ. The GB initial data sets have applications in geometric inequalities in general relativity. We construct a mass functional M for GB initial data sets and we show:(i) the mass of any GB data is greater than or equals M, (ii) it is a non-negative functional for a broad subclass of GB data, (iii) it evaluates to the ADM mass of reduced t − φi symmetric data set, (iv) its critical points are stationary U(1)²-invariant vacuum solutions to the Einstein equations. Then we use this mass functional and prove two geometric inequalities: (1) a positive mass theorem for subclass of GB initial data which includes Myers-Perry black holes, (2) a class of local mass-angular momenta inequalities for U(1)²-invariant black holes. Finally, we construct a one-parameter family of initial data sets which we show can be seen as small deformations of the extreme Myers- Perry black hole which preserve the horizon geometry and angular momenta but have strictly greater energy.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11703
Item ID: 11703
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 210-224).
Keywords: Initial data, Geometric inequalities, Black holes, Rotational symmetries
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Mathematics and Statistics
Date: December 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Inequalities (Mathematics); Einstein field equations--Numerical solutions; Black holes (Astronomy)--Mathematical models; Geometry, Differential

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