Peterson, Carole (2011) Children’s memory reports over time: Getting both better and worse. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109 (23). pp. 275-293. ISSN 1096-0457
MS Word Document (doc) (The version available in this research repository is a postprint. It has the same peer-reviewed content as the published version, but lacks publisher layout and branding.)
- Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.
Injured children (N = 145 between 2 and 13 years of age) were recruited from a hospital emergency room and were interviewed about the injury event soon afterward and then twice more at yearly intervals. Their transcripts were coded three ways: completeness of overall structural components of a prototypical injury event (e.g., who, when, where), amount of narrative detail (specifically unique units of information), and the accuracy of both types of information. Completeness components were also categorized as central or peripheral, and narrative details were coded as pertaining to persons, objects, attributes, locations, or activities. Over time, children maintained consistent completeness scores; that is, the overall structure of the event stayed the same. However, they provided more elaborative detail of all types and especially about attributes and activities. Only accuracy (of both types of information) deteriorated. Thus, different aspects of their interviews changed in different ways over 2 years. Implications for assessing changes over time in child witness reports are discussed.
|Keywords:||Child memory, Eyewitness memory, Memory, Accuracy, Narrative detail, Reminiscence, Hypermnesia|
|Department(s):||Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Psychology
Science, Faculty of > Psychology
Actions (login required)