The stress gradient hypothesis : plant facilitation at the forest-tundra transition (Mealy Mountains, Labrador, Canada)

Cranston, Brittany (2009) The stress gradient hypothesis : plant facilitation at the forest-tundra transition (Mealy Mountains, Labrador, Canada). Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Facilitative interactions (Stress Gradient Hypothesis) at the Forest-Tundra (F-T) Transition zone around the globe have yet to be evaluated. As climate warms, the balance between facilitation and competition shifts, allowing species to expand their ranges. This study investigates the rote of nurse shrubs ( Betula glandulosa [dwarf birch], and Vaccinium uliginosum [bilberry]) in facilitating recruitment of Picea mariana and P. glauca (black and white spruce) in the boreal F-T Transition zone. Treatments were designed to disentangle the roles of nurse height, shade, and nurse canopy removal by herbivores in determining recruitment success. Seeds germinated at temperatures 5°C below the minimum required for germination in the open and at significantly greater levels (20% ± 6.12 of P. mariana and 12% ± 2.8 of P. Glauca ) compared with the non-shrub reference site (0.5%) and previous studies. Treatments generally had negligible effects on growth, but nurse litter increased levels of soil calcium, suggesting a weak net positive association. If viable seed is available, shrubs will facilitate recruitment. The balance between competition and facilitation is highly site dependent, and cannot be generalized over larger spatial scales. Understanding how species interactions are affected by regional climate change is critical for predicting range expansion of boreal trees.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/9019
Item ID: 9019
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Stress Gradient Hypothesis, nurse effect, facilitation, Picea mariana, P. glauca, recruitment, Forest-Tundra Transition zone, dwarf shrubs, Labrador.
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biology
Date: 2009
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Plant ecology--Newfoundland and Labrador--Labrador. -- Plant ecophysiology--Newfoundland and Labrador--Labrador. -- Recruitment (Population biology)--Newfoundland and Labrador--Labrador. -- Shrubs--Newfoundland and Labrador--Labrador. -- Spruce--Newfoundland and Labrador--Labrador. -- Labrador

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