Mysen, Bjorn O. and Fogel, Marilyn L. and Morrill, Penny L. and Cody, George D. (2008) Solution behavior of reduced C-O-H volatiles in silicate melts at high pressure and temperature. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73 (6). pp. 1696-1710. ISSN 1872-9533
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The solubility and solution mechanisms of reduced Csingle bondOsingle bondH volatiles in Na2Osingle bondSiO2 melts in equilibrium with a (H2 + CH4) fluid at the hydrogen fugacity defined by the iron-wüstite + H2O buffer [fH2(IW)] have been determined as a function of pressure (1–2.5 GPa) and silicate melt polymerization (NBO/Si: nonbridging oxygen per silicon) at 1400 °C. The solubility, calculated as CH4, increases from ∼0.2 wt% to ∼0.5 wt% in the melt NBO/Si-range ∼0.4 to ∼1.0. The solubility is not significantly pressure-dependent, probably because fH2(IW) in the 1–2.5 GPa range does not vary greatly with pressure. Carbon isotope fractionation between methane-saturated melts and (H2 + CH4) fluid varied by ∼14‰ in the NBO/Si-range of these melts. The (C..H) and (O..H) speciation in the quenched melts was determined with Raman and 1H MAS NMR spectroscopy. The dominant (C..H)-bearing complexes are molecular methane, CH4, and a complex or functional group that includes entities with Ctriple bond; length of mdashCsingle bondH bonding. Minor abundance of complexes that include Sisingle bondOsingle bondCH3 bonding is tentatively identified in some melts. There is no spectroscopic evidence for Sisingle bondC or Sisingle bondCH3. Raman spectra indicate silicate melt depolymerization (increasing NBO/Si). The [CH4/Ctriple bond; length of mdashCsingle bondH]melt abundance ratio is positively correlated with NBO/Si, which is interpreted to suggest that the (Ctriple bond; length of mdashCsingle bondH)-containing structural entity is bonded to the silicate melt network structure via its nonbridging oxygen. The ∼14‰ carbon isotope fractionation change between fluid and melt is because of the speciation changes of carbon in the melt.
|Keywords:||fugacity; isotopic fractionation; P-T conditions; polymerization; silicate melt; solubility; speciation (chemistry)|
|Department(s):||Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences|
|Date:||30 December 2008|
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