A numerically exact local solver applied to salt boundary inversion in seismic full-waveform inversion

Malcolm, Alison and Willemsen, Bram and Lewis, Winston (2016) A numerically exact local solver applied to salt boundary inversion in seismic full-waveform inversion. Geophysical Journal International, 204 (3). pp. 1703-1720. ISSN 0956-540X

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Abstract

In a set of problems ranging from 4-D seismic to salt boundary estimation, updates to the velocity model often have a highly localized nature. Numerical techniques for these applications such as full-waveform inversion (FWI) require an estimate of the wavefield to compute the model updates. When dealing with localized problems, it is wasteful to compute these updates in the global domain, when we only need them in our region of interest. This paper introduces a local solver that generates forward and adjoint wavefields which are, to machine precision, identical to those generated by a full-domain solver evaluated within the region of interest. This means that the local solver computes all interactions between model updates within the region of interest and the inhomogeneities in the background model outside. Because no approximations are made in the calculation of the forward and adjoint wavefields, the local solver can compute the identical gradient in the region of interest as would be computed by the more expensive full-domain solver. In this paper, the local solver is used to efficiently generate the FWI gradient at the boundary of a salt body. This gradient is then used in a level set method to automatically update the salt boundary.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12856
Item ID: 12856
Keywords: Numerical solutions, Numerical approximations and analysis, Controlled source seismology, Computational seismology, Wave propagation, Acoustic properties
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences
Date: March 2016
Date Type: Publication
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