Laser characterization of ultrasonic wave propagation in random media

Malcolm, Alison and Scales, John A. (2003) Laser characterization of ultrasonic wave propagation in random media. Physical Review E, 67 (4). ISSN 1550-2376

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Abstract

Lasers can be used to excite and detect ultrasonic waves in a wide variety of materials. This allows the measurement of absolute particle motion without the mechanical disturbances of contacting transducers. In an ultrasound transmission experiment, the wave field is usually accessible only on the boundaries of a sample. Using optical methods, one can measure the surface wave field, in effect, within the scattering region. Here, we describe noncontacting (laser source and detector) measurements of ultrasonic wave propagation in randomly heterogeneous rock samples. By scanning the surface of the sample, we can directly visualize the complex dynamics of diffraction, multiple scattering, mode conversion, and whispering gallery modes. We will show measurements on rock samples that have similar elastic moduli and intrinsic attenuation, but different grain sizes, and hence, different scattering strengths. The intensity data are well fit by a radiative transfer model, and we use this fact to infer the scattering mean free path.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12799
Item ID: 12799
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences
Date: 28 April 2003
Date Type: Publication
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