The effects of dietary omega-3 fatty acids on brain function are sex, age and brain-region specific

Feltham, Bradley A. (2015) The effects of dietary omega-3 fatty acids on brain function are sex, age and brain-region specific. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have beneficial effects in neuropsychiatric illnesses. The goals of this thesis were to determine the effects of feeding diets varying in n-3 PUFA on brain fatty acid composition, and neurotrophin and myelin-related gene expression of the brain in an age, sex, and region-specific manner. A diet high in n-3 PUFA altered phospholipid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and oleic acid composition in an age, sex, and region-specific manner. Diet had no effect on the mRNA expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tropomyosin-receptor kinase-B (TrkB); however, stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) and myelin basic protein (MBP) gene expression increased in offspring fed a diet high in n-3 PUFA in an age, sex, and region-specific manner. DHA treatment to ex vivo cerebral cortical cells showed an increase in BDNF, TrkB, SCD1, and MBP mRNA expression compared to control cells. The mRNA expression of BDNF and SCD1 was higher in DHA treated cells compared to arachidonic acid treated cells. Overall, the data presented in this thesis suggests that the potential benefits of n-3 PUFA on brain function are sex, age and brain-region specific.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12037
Item ID: 12037
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 131-158).
Keywords: n-3 PUFA, brain-region, myelin, BDNF, Age, Sex
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biochemistry
Date: May 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Omega-3 fatty acids--Physiological effect; Brain--Physiology; Fatty acids in human nutrition--Physiological effect

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