Body Mass Index Trajectories among Middle-Aged and Elderly Canadians and Associated Health Outcomes

Wang, Meng and Yi, Yanqing and Roebothan, Barbara and Colbourne, Jennifer and Maddalena, Victor and Wang, Peizhong Peter and Sun, Guang (2016) Body Mass Index Trajectories among Middle-Aged and Elderly Canadians and Associated Health Outcomes. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2016. ISSN 1687-9813

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Abstract

Background. Whether there is heterogeneity in the development of BMI from middle-age onward is still unknown. The primary aim of this study is to analyze long-term obesity and how BMI trajectories are associated with health outcomes in midlife. Methods. Latent Class Growth Modelling was used to capture the changes in BMI over time. In this study, 3070 individuals from the National Population Health Survey (NPHS), aged 40–55 years at baseline, were included. Results. Four BMI trajectory groups, “Normal-Stable” (N-S), “Overweight-Stable” (OV-S), “Obese I-Stable” (OB I-S), and “Obese II-Stable” (OB II-S), were identified. Men, persons of White ancestry, and individuals who had no postsecondary education had higher odds of being in the latter three groups. Moreover, members of the OV-S, OB I-S, and OB II-S groups experienced more asthma, arthritis, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, cognitive impairment, and reduced self-rated overall health. Individuals in the OB II-S group were at greater risk for back problems, chronic bronchitis or emphysema, and emotional issues when compared to the N-S group. Conclusion. Understanding different BMI trajectories is important in order to identify people who are at the highest risk of developing comorbidities due to obesity and to establish programs to intervene appropriately.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11973
Item ID: 11973
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of > Community Health
Date: 2016
Date Type: Publication
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