Pellowe, Sarita D. (2015) Temperature-related differences in the calcium transient between Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cardiomyocytes. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
- Accepted Version
Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
The Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, differs from many teleosts in that its heart does not respond to adrenergic stimulation, and is more capable of maintaining function during acute temperature changes. To examine if differences in intracellular calcium mobilization are associated with these atypical responses, confocal microscopy was used to study the calcium handling of cardiac cells from Atlantic cod vs. steelhead trout at their acclimation temperature (10ºC), or subjected to acute temperature changes (to 4 and 16ºC), while being stimulated across a range of frequencies (10 – 110 min⁻¹). In addition, cells were tested with and without tonic (10 nM) levels of adrenaline at 10ºC, and pharmacological blockers were used to study the relative contributions of the L-type Ca²⁺ channel, sarcoplasmic reticulum and Na+/Ca²⁺ exchanger to the Ca²⁺ transient. Consistent with previous in vitro and in situ studies, there were few significant effects of adrenaline on the Ca²⁺ transient of cod cardiomyocytes, yet adrenaline had significant positive inotropic effects on trout cardiomyocytes. At 10ºC, peak Ca²⁺ (F/F₀) only differed between the two species at low stimulation frequencies (10, 30 min-1), with trout F/F₀ 25-35% higher. In contrast, the time to peak Ca²⁺ and the time to half relaxation were both shorter (by 10 – 35% across frequencies) in cod. Acute temperature changes caused a shift in the Ca²⁺ - frequency relationship in both species, with F/F₀ values higher for trout at low frequencies (< 70 min⁻¹) at 4ºC, whereas this parameter was greater at all frequencies except 10 min⁻¹ in cod at 16ºC. Unfortunately, these experiments did not highlight clear species differences in the relative contributions of the L-type Ca²⁺ channels, sarcoplasmic reticulum and Na+/Ca²⁺ exchange to the Ca²⁺ transient.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Additional Information:||Includes bibliographical references (pages 76-98).|
|Keywords:||fish, heart, calcium, cod, trout, temperature|
|Department(s):||Science, Faculty of > Biology|
|Library of Congress Subject Heading:||Atlantic cod--Effect of temperature on; Steelhead (Fish)--Effect of temperature on; Heart cells; Calcium channels|
Actions (login required)