A nursery for seamen: life histories from the St. John's Royal Naval Hospital Cemetery, Newfoundland

Munkittrick, Tricia Jessica Anne (2015) A nursery for seamen: life histories from the St. John's Royal Naval Hospital Cemetery, Newfoundland. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

A cemetery associated with the St. John’s Royal Naval Hospital, NL (~1725-1825) was partially excavated in 1979, uncovering the skeletal remains of at least 21 individuals. Isotopic analyses (δ¹³Cvpdb, δ¹⁵Nair, δ¹⁸Ovpdb, and ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr) were used to examine the diet and geographic origins of these individuals and compare them with recent results from other British Naval cemeteries. Their origins according to enamel carbonates and ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr are mainly consistent with the British Isles and the bone collagen values were largely consistent with naval rations. There was some variability in δ¹⁵Nair and δ¹³Cvpdb values, suggesting different social classes and the consumption of C₄ foods associated with North America. While this study has highlighted deficiencies in the ability of isotopic analyses to define the variability within naval rations, it is the first to examine origins of early modern naval sailors isotopically, as well as the experiences of these sailors within the context of Newfoundland.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11708
Item ID: 11708
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 207-230).
Keywords: Archaeology, Isotope, Royal Navy, Newfoundland, History
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Archaeology
Date: November 2015
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Excavations (Archaeology)--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's; Human remains (Archaeology)--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's; Sailors--Newfoundland and Labrador--History--18th century; Sailors--Newfoundland and Labrador--History--19th century

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