Le colportage d'un nouveau printemps: le reflet littéraire de l'idéologie de la Révolution tranquille dans Le libraire de Gérard Bessette et Une saison dans la vie d'Emmanuel de Marie-Claire Blais

Kennedy, Brian (2006) Le colportage d'un nouveau printemps: le reflet littéraire de l'idéologie de la Révolution tranquille dans Le libraire de Gérard Bessette et Une saison dans la vie d'Emmanuel de Marie-Claire Blais. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

La fierte nationale et Ia secularisation ardente qui caracterisent le Quebec d'aujourd'hui resultent d'une transformation sociale rapide qu'a subie cette province aux annees 1960. Un enchalnement d'evenements complexes, connu sous le nom de Ia Revolution tranquille, a provoque une evolution ideologique contre le conservatisme et le traditionalisme, deux piliers de Ia pensee quebecoise depuis 1760. La premiere section de ce memoire examine les autorites conservatrices qui tenaient les renes du pouvoir au Quebec aussi bien que le developpement d'une situation sociopolitique repressive qui a rendu inevitable Ia revolution sociale. -- De plus, Ia Revolution tranquille avait un element litteraire puisque de nombreux ecrivains, ayant le desir de changer, se sont presentes comme defenseurs et promoteurs de ce mouvement societal. La deuxieme section examine comment cet engagement des auteurs a contribue au developpement d'un parallele litteraire qui reflete le changement ideologique social. Dans leurs reuvres, les ecrivains reformateurs ont attaque les fondations de l'autoritarisme et du traditionalisme qui ont entrave le developpement social du Quebec pendant deux cent ans. Ces textes ont ete un outil indispensable dans Ia lutte contre le conservatisme repandu dans Ia societe quebecoise. -- La troisieme section du memoire examine deux romans en particulier, Le libraire de Gerard Bessette et Une saison dans Ia vie d'Emmanuel de Marie-Claire Blais, qui ont donne une voix au mouvement reformateur et un nouvel espoir aux Quebecois. Ces romans ont propage les memes idees modemes, telles que Ia critique de l'autoritarisme sociopolitique et Ia primaute de l'individu, qui etaient les composants centraux de l'ideologie de Ia Revolution tranquille. -- -- During the 1960s, Quebec underwent a significant social transformation that brought about the fierce national pride and the ardent secularization that characterize it today. A series of complex events, collectively referred to as the Quiet Revolution, would spark this ideological evolution, leading to a movement away from the conservatism that had been the mainstay of Quebecois thought since 1760. The first section of this thesis examines the conservative forces that held the reins of power in Quebec as well as the development of a stifling and repressive sociopolitical situation that made social revolution inevitable. -- The Quiet Revolution had a literary component as well, as many authors possessing a strong desire for social reform supported it. The second section examines how this auctorial engagement led to the development of a parallel literary trend reflecting the societal shift in ideologies. In their works, writers attacked the foundations of the authoritarianism that had impeded Quebec's social development for two hundred years. Reformist literature would prove to be an invaluable tool in the struggle to shake Quebec from its staunch traditionalism. -- The third section examines how two novels in particular, Le libraire by Gerard Bessette and Une saison dans Ia vie d'Emmanuel by Marie-Claire Blais, gave a voice to the reform movement and a new hope to the people of Quebec. These novels contained the same modern notions, such as the criticism of sociopolitical authoritarianism and the primacy of the individual, that were central components of the Quiet Revolution ideology.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/10785
Item ID: 10785
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 88-97).
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > French and Spanish
Date: 2006
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Literary movements--Québec (Province); Social change--Québec (Province)--History--20th century.

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