Fisheries and aquaculture related biometrics of the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa: tagging, resistance to stress and influence of diet on lipid composition

Lainetti Gianasi, Bruno (2015) Fisheries and aquaculture related biometrics of the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa: tagging, resistance to stress and influence of diet on lipid composition. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Cucumaria frondosa is widely distributed in the North Atlantic where it has been increasingly exploited to supplement the growing demand for sea cucumber products in Asian markets. The objectives of this study were based on knowledge gaps identified by the stakeholders of the sea cucumber industry in eastern Canada. The first study investigated marking techniques using passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags to facilitate sea cucumber research. The second study identified the most suitable media for refrigeration during live storage and transport to address concerns with skin and meat integrity prior to processing. The third study focused on principles of aquaculture by examining growth, and lipid class and fatty acid profiles of muscle and gonad tissues of sea cucumbers fed with either diatoms or fish eggs. Implanting PIT tags at the base of the tentacles to reach the aquapharyngeal bulb emerged as one of the most effective techniques ever developed for tagging sea cucumbers reliably and innocuously for long periods. The most suitable transport media for live boreal/temperate sea cucumbers was determined to be iced seawater (cold seawater with freshwater ice). Finally, while sea cucumbers were able to feed on live diatoms (Chaetoceros muelleri) as well as commercial fish eggs, the latter diet yielded greater body length increment, specific growth rate and ratio of essential DHA:EPA in gonadal tissues. In contrast, sea cucumbers fed with diatoms exhibited the highest ratio of the essential fatty acids ARA to EPA in muscle tissues. The findings presented here will hopefully assist ecological and conservation studies and the sustainable development of sea cucumber fisheries and aquaculture programs worldwide.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/9791
Item ID: 9791
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 166-168).
Keywords: Sea cucumber, Cucumaria frondosa, Fishery, Aquaculture
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Aquaculture
Date: August 2015
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Trepang fisheries--Newfoundland and Labrador; Seafood--Preservation--Newfoundland and Labrador; Seafood--Transportation--Newfoundland and Labrador; Sea cucumbers--Feeding and feeds--Newfoundland and Labrador; Fish tagging--Newfoundland and Labrador

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