Freedom of the sea to fishery conservation : an evolving ocean management regime

Crowder, Cassandra (1998) Freedom of the sea to fishery conservation : an evolving ocean management regime. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

This thesis examines an important topic in international relations which has preoccupied diplomats for thousands of years and for the better part of this century — the evolution of the law of the sea. Some recent changes can be linked to new technologies and the growing concern about fishery conservation. It is argued that changes in the law of the sea are essentially evolutionary in character, notwithstanding the recognition that crisis situations provide periodic stimuli towards some kind of action. -- In this century, three distinct phases and events have shaped the development of the law of the sea, with regard to straddling stocks. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is the foundation for modem sea law and serves as the basis for discussion. Increased understanding of the oceans and expressions of heightened concern for protecting and sustaining the marine environment, including fisheries, were an important themes at the 1992 United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development. Thirdly, the New York Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, and its resultant draft treaty, has provided a framework within which fisheries law can change and develop. -- In light of the deteriorating state of the global environment and the rapidly declining fish stocks, it is argued that international law must respond more rapidly and effectively to meet environmentally destructive technological developments, if the international marine eco-system is to be preserved for future generations.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/953
Item ID: 953
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 102-113
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Political Science
Date: 1998
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Law of the sea; Fishes--Conservation; Fishery management, International

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