Newfoundland macroinvertebrate riffle communities and their potential for use in bioassessment

Smith, Erica L. (Erica Leann) (2009) Newfoundland macroinvertebrate riffle communities and their potential for use in bioassessment. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Macroinvertebrate communities were sampled from 65 Newfoundland riffles from three geographic regions (the Avalon Peninsula, Terra Nova, and Gros Morne) in three seasons (summer, fall, spring). A suite of physical, chemical and land use variables were also measured. Differences in community composition across regions were found as well as large differences among seasons between sites sampled. Macroinvertebrate richness and abundance data were cross-examined with associated environmental variables to detect which ones were most related to macroinvertebrate community differences. UTM Easting, % macrophytes, % igneous rock, % local forest, nitrates, total Nitrogen and alkalinity were all highly correlated with trends in the macroinvertebrate community data. Urban communities differed from rural and pristine communities, the latter two community types being virtually indistinguishable. Temporal effects were examined to tease apart seasonal versus non-seasonal factors affecting the invertebrate-environment relationship. Changes in the frequency of occurrence of a few key taxa between years strongly impacted regional differences.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/9281
Item ID: 9281
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 7.1-7.19)
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biology
Date: 2009
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Canada--Newfoundland and Labrador
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Environmental monitoring--Newfoundland and Labrador; Invertebrate communities--Seasonal variations--Newfoundland and Labrador; Invertebrate communities--Variation--Newfoundland and Labrador

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