Cai, Jingjing (2009) Contaminants removal from natural gas using dual hollow fiber membrane contactors. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
- Accepted Version
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Hollow fiber membrane contactors are advantageous in natural gas processing where the required equipment foot-print is small. This is due to the larger available gas-liquid contactor area, a greater mass transfer coefficient and higher removal efficiencies. Traditionally, the hollow fiber membrane contactors used for gas-liquid contacting were designed to have separate absorption and regeneration system, which may not be practical for offshore application due to limited space. A dual membrane concept is proposed in this work which combines the contactor and stripper into one unit operation. In this design, the gas flows through the porous membranes immersed in a solvent; the solvent strips the gas of the contaminant. Nonporous membranes with a sweep gas flowing or under low pressure in the same shell, partially regenerate the solvent by stripping the contaminant out. In addition, baffles were introduced into the dual membrane module to increase the mass transfer by minimizing shell-side bypass and increasing liquid velocity. The proposed modules and an ordinary single hollow fiber membrane contactor were modeled using partial differential equations based on a single-component absorption scheme. A numerical model based on mass balance was developed to predict the performance of the dual contactor modules and also concentration change in both gas and liquid phase in the modules. -- Simulation results show that the nonporous membranes in the dual hollow fiber membrane contactor can partially regenerate the solvent during the absorption and result in a better gas removal efficiency than the ordinary module. In addition, the baffles were proved to increase the mass transfer by minimizing shell-side bypass and increasing liquid velocity. The predictions of the developed numerical model were found to be in good agreement with the previous experimental results presented by Dindore et al (2005).
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Additional Information:||Includes bibliographical references (leaves 74-76)|
|Department(s):||Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of|
|Library of Congress Subject Heading:||Gas separation membrane; Natural gas--Cleaning|
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