The actions of mouse mast cell protease-7 and calcium-activated potassium channel inhibitors on PAR2-induced relaxation of the aorta in mice

King, James Christopher (2009) The actions of mouse mast cell protease-7 and calcium-activated potassium channel inhibitors on PAR2-induced relaxation of the aorta in mice. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) may link inflammation with the progression of cardiovascular diseases. We examined the potential of mouse mast cell protease 7 (mMCP-7), an enzyme similar to human mast cell β-tryptase (hMCβ-tryptase), to activate PAR2-dependent vasodilation and the interaction of Ca²⁺-activated K⁺ channel (KCa ) activation by PAR2 with eNOS-dependent relaxation in the aorta. Aortas from mice expressing PAR2 (PAR2 +/+) and PAR2 knockout (PAR2 -/-) mice were used to bioassay the PAR2 activity of mMCP-7 and PAR2-activating peptide (2fly) in the presence of inhihitors of KCa.mMCP-7 did not produce relaxation responses like hMCβ-tryptase in the mouse aorta and inhihitors of KCa channels did not affect PAR2-mediated endothelial nitric oxide synthase dependent-relaxations of the aorta. These data highlight species and mechanistic heterogeneity in the ability of an orthologous enzyme agonist to activate PAR2 in different arteries. The results emphasize the need for cautions interpretations of studies assessing the pathophysiological role of PAR2 in different animal models.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/8971
Item ID: 8971
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 44-53)
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: 2009
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Aorta--Effect of chemicals on; G proteins--Receptors; Mice--Cardiovascular system; Proteinase
Medical Subject Heading: Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated--antagonists & inhibitors; Tryptases; Aorta; Mice; Receptor, PAR-2

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