Medical student distress, personal health care practices and barriers to care

Bartlett, Janet (2015) Medical student distress, personal health care practices and barriers to care. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Medical students experience higher levels of psychological distress than age-matched peers. Suicide rates are also higher among medical students and physicians in comparison to the general population. Despite reported health needs, medical students are reluctant to seek help for mental health issues potentially resulting in inappropriate self-care practices and impairment. This trend increases throughout training and has been observed among physician populations manifesting as persistent, long-term mental health problems. Medical students report unique barriers to care which occur at individual, provider, and system levels and reflect issues related to stigma and the medical school culture or environment. The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence of psychological distress among a population of medical students in comparison to the general population, ascertain factors contributing to the distress, explore personal health care needs and practices, and identify barriers to care. A cross-sectional design was employed which involved administration of a survey. Participants included medical students in years one through four attending a university in Atlantic Canada. The prevalence of medical student distress in the current study was 17%. Medical students reported significantly higher levels of severe psychological distress (19%) than age-matched peers (5%) and yet were reluctant to seek help for mental health issues. Students also expressed concern they may develop mental health issues and/or inappropriate self-care practices over the course of their training. Students indicated a preference for informal consultation and off-site care, citing system-based barriers to care including concern for confidentiality, stigma, academic vulnerability and discomfort with the dual role of student-patient. Finally, students expressed reluctance to report impairment in a peer in scenarios depicting both high- and low-stigma consequences.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/8467
Item ID: 8467
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 81-95).
Keywords: medical student distress, personal health care practices, barriers to care, stigma, hidden curriculum, perceived medical school stress
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: May 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Medical students--Mental health; Stress (Psychology); Medical students--Psychology; Medical students--Mental health services
Medical Subject Heading: Students, Medical--psychology; Stress, Psychological; Mental Health Services

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