DFT study of the interaction between single-walled carbon nanotubes and organic conjugated oligomers

Aljohani, Suad (2015) DFT study of the interaction between single-walled carbon nanotubes and organic conjugated oligomers. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Using dispersion corrected density functional theory (DFT) methods, we study the interaction between oligo(phyenylene ethynylene)s (OPEs) having different end groups: aldehyde (ALD) and dithiafulvene (DTF) (abbreviated as OPE-ALD and OPE-DTF respectively) with single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT). We investigate the structure and electronic properties of isolated OPEs and OPE/SWCNT molecular combinations. This research is important for developing of more effective linear conjugated oligomer-based dispersants for SWCNTs. In particular, we focus on understanding of the role of the end groups in the dispersion of nanotubes. We consider a number of dispersion corrected DFT methods: B97D, wB97XD, and CAM-B3LYP and employ the 6-31G* basis set in all of our calculations. We obtain geometries, dipole moments, binding energies, and intermolecular distances for the oligomer and nanotube combinations. The comparison of results obtained using different DFT approximations is also made. Our results show that OPE-DTF interact more strongly with the nanotube than OPE-ALD.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/8460
Item ID: 8460
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 94-104).
Keywords: Density Functional Theory, Conjugated Organic Oligomers, Carbon Nanotube, Dispersion of Nanotubes, Non-Covalent Interactions
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography
Date: May 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Carbon nanotubes--Structure; Dispersion; Conjugated oligomers--Structure; Carbon nanotubes--Electric properties; Conjugated oligomers--Electric properties

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