Li, Nigh and Newman, Hugh D. and Valera, Manuel and Saika-Voivod, Ivan and Yethiraj, Anand (2009) Colloids with a tunable dipolar interaction: equations of state and order parameters via confocal microscopy. Soft Matter, 6. pp. 876-880. ISSN 1744-6848
- Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.
Laser scanning confocal microscopy studies were carried out on charged screened colloidal silica microspheres in sedimentation equilibrium in the presence of a tunable external alternating electric field. The external a.c. field controls the averaged dipolar interaction between the silica microspheres. From the equilibrium sedimentation profiles, equations of state were obtained as a function of the dipolar strength and volume fraction. The colloidal fluid at zero field follows the hard-sphere equation of state but with an effective larger hard-sphere diameter. At non-zero fields, the average colloidal fluid isothermal compressibility was obtained as a function of a dipolar strength parameter. We then investigated bond order parameters upon increasing the field, and monitored an orientational order parameter associated with the field dependence of the average orientation of dual-particle bonds. The orientational order parameters were found to be very sensitive measures of anisotropy. The field dependence strongly confirms the use of the point dipolar approximation in this system.
|Department(s):||Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography|
|Date:||21 December 2009|
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