The role of antifreeze compounds in inhibiting ice crystal growth across the skin of marine fishes

Valerio, Paul F.(Paul Federico) (1992) The role of antifreeze compounds in inhibiting ice crystal growth across the skin of marine fishes. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

It has been well established that antifreeze peptides are responsible for the ability of many marine teleosts to survive in icy sea water at temperatures below the colligative freezing points of their blood. However the in vivo site of antifreeze action has yet to be determined. The "ice-exclusion hypothesis" suggests that antifreeze proteins act within epithelial membranes (skin, gills, gut) and block the entry of external ice crystals. This hypothesis was examined by measuring ice propagation temperatures across isolated skin samples from the winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus). The results obtained were consistent with the hypothesis, indicating that fish skin is an effective barrier to ice propagation and that the effectiveness of this barrier improves with the addition of antifreeze proteins. The results also demonstrated that the skin ice propagation temperatures were substantially lower than the lethal freezing temperatures of the fish. Therefore, some other epithelial tissue (possible gill) must be less effective than the skin in blocking ice crystal penetration into the fish. -- Analysis of tissues from the cunner, Tautogolabrus adspersus, revealed the presence of a thermal hysteresis compound in aqueous extracts of the skin. The apparent absence of this substance from cunner plasma provided further support for the hypothesis that antifreeze proteins block the entry of external ice crystals into the fish.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/8018
Item ID: 8018
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 75-83.
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biology
Date: 1992
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Cryobiochemistry; Fishes--Effect of temperature on; Cold adaptation; Marine fishes--Physiology

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