The development of Caribou Eskimo culture

Clark, Brenda L. (1975) The development of Caribou Eskimo culture. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

[img] [English] PDF (Migrated (PDF/A Conversion) from original format: (application/pdf)) - Accepted Version
Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.

Download (24Mb)
  • [img] [English] PDF - Accepted Version
    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
    (Original Version)

Abstract

Archaeological and ethnohistorical evidence is used to explicate a theory of the origin and development of the Caribou Eskimo culture. Historical accounts of Inuit-European contact over the past 300 years along the west coast of Hudson Bay are summarized. Archaeological excavations at the Meliadine-1 site are reported, and the artefact assemblage from this site and other collections from the Caribou Eskimo area are described. A model is offered regarding population expansion and culture change along the west coast of Hudson Bay from the end of the classic Thule phase to the Caribou Eskimo period. -- The thesis presented here refutes Birket-Smith’s theory of cultural antiquity which he used as an explanation for the “primitive” appearance of Caribou Eskimo material culture. It is proposed that the Caribou Eskimo culture developed from a local variant of the Thule culture over the past 200 years. Contact with Europeans during this period has had a profound effect on the value systems and exploitative patterns of the Caribou Eskimos, accelerating the deterioration of the material culture which had been on-going since the end of the classic Thule phase.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/7545
Item ID: 7545
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 153-157
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Anthropology
Date: 1975
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Canada--Hudson Bay
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Inuit--Canada--Hudson Bay Region--Antiquities; Caribou Eskimos--Antiquities

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over the past year

View more statistics