The paradoxical enhancement of classically conditioned physiological responses in human subjects

Rodgers, Gordon David (1976) The paradoxical enhancement of classically conditioned physiological responses in human subjects. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

[img] [English] PDF (Migrated (PDF/A Conversion) from original format: (application/pdf)) - Accepted Version
Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.

Download (4005Kb)
  • [img] [English] PDF - Accepted Version
    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
    (Original Version)

Abstract

This study investigated the phenomenon that, under some conditions, presentation of a Conditioned Stimulus (CS) alone produces an "enhancement" of the Conditioned Response (CR) instead of the well-known extinction effect. Three groups of five male undergraduates each received CS (slide presentations) - UCS (0.5 second burst of white noise) pairings on a 76 per cent irregular reinforcement schedule. Group treatments differed by the number of CS-alone presentations given immediately after conditioning (either 4, 12 or 30). CS-alone and UCS-alone control groups were also used. At two extinction sessions, a week apart, the magnitude (a change of at least 100 ohms between 0.9 and 5.0 seconds after CS onset) and latency of the Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) and change in Finger Pulse (FP) rate were recorded. The primary results showed: (a) a significantly higher GSR magnitude for the conditioning groups as compared to the control groups (F(4, 20) = 3.87, p < .025); (b) the group with the greatest number of CS-alone presentations after conditioning was significantly different from the other experimental groups of GSR magnitude (F(2, 20) = 7.11, p < .05) and FP rate (p < .05; Duncan's Multiple Range Test); (c) this same group did not extinguish after 60 CS-alone presentations while the other experimental groups extinguished after approximately 20 CS-alone presentations; and (d) a significant Trial Block x Group interaction for the latency of the GSR was noted (F(20, 100) = 1.68, p < .05). Some implications of these findings and parameters for future research are discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/7514
Item ID: 7514
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 46-48.
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Psychology
Science, Faculty of > Psychology
Date: 1976
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Conditioned response

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over the past year

View more statistics