The relationships among rock groups between the Grand Lake Thrust and Cabot Fault, west Newfoundland

Martineau, Yvon Arthur (1980) The relationships among rock groups between the Grand Lake Thrust and Cabot Fault, west Newfoundland. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

The area between the Grand Lake Thrust and the Cabot Fault is underlain by metamorphic rocks that separate the most easterly exposures of the west Newfoundland carbonate terrane from the most westerly exposures of ophiolitic and volcanic rocks of central Newfoundland. The major rock types present are; felsic gneisses in the west, anorthositic rocks in the southwest, semipelitic to psammitic schists in the east, and granitic intrusions within the gneisses. Mafic dykes intrude the gneisses, but are unknown within the schists. Finally, west of the Grand Lake Thrust but included within the map area, are limestones and phyllites of the west Newfoundland carbonate terrane. -- The limestones and phyllites occur in the western part of the map area, west of the Grand Lake Thrust. They are deformed, and vary from unmetamorphosed to mildly metamorphosed( chlorite zone of the greenschist facies). -- The felsic gneisses locally contain granulite facies mineral assemblages, but are everywhere affected by later retrograde metamorphism that increases in intensity from greenschist to amphibolite facies, from west to east. The mafic dykes intruding the gneisses exhibit the same effects of later metamorphism. The metamorphic change is accompanied by increasing intensity of deformation from west to east across the area. -- The semipelitic to psammitic schists are confined to the eastern part of the area, where they exhibit upper greenschist to amphibolite facies mineral assemblages. These rocks are polydeformed and faulted against the gneisses to the west. -- The granitic intrusions occur within the gneisses only. They contain no evidence of the early granulite facies metamorphic event present in the host gneisses, and are for the most part massive. -- The gneissic rocks are interpreted as Grenvillian inliers (basement), and are correlated with similar rocks of the Grenvillian Indian Head Complex,nearby to the west. The limestones, phyllites, and polydeformed schists are interpreted as a cover sequence affected by Paleozoic deformation, which also involved the basement gneisses and mafic dykes. The granitic bodies are interpreted as later intrusions, possibly related to Taconic or Acadian orogenesis. The stratigraphic and orogenic development of the area can be related to the formation of the Late Precambrian continental margin of eastern North America, and its Paleozoic destruction.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/6921
Item ID: 6921
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 146-150.
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences
Date: 1980
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Canada--Newfoundland and Labrador--Grand Lake Region
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Geology--Newfoundland and Labrador--Grand Lake

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