Rainfall distribution in West Timor: temporal and spatial characteristics, regional frequency analysis and drought identification

Sabetu, Obet (1993) Rainfall distribution in West Timor: temporal and spatial characteristics, regional frequency analysis and drought identification. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

This study of rainfall distribution in West Timor is concerned with the analysis of temporal and spatial rainfall characteristics, regional frequency analysis of annual daily maximum rainfall and pentad (5-days) drought analysis. Several statistical properties such as persistency, trend and seasonality of rainfall series, and also physical factors such as topography and prevailing winds are used to describe the general characteristics of rainfall. The index-rainfall and L-moment approaches are used to provide a regional probabilistic model of annual daily maximum rainfall and, for comparison, the at-site frequency of selected gauges is analyzed. Probability analysis is used to describe pentad drought properties such as onset and end of the rainy season, severity, and vulnerability of drought. -- The results of this study show that the rainfall characteristics in West Timor are variable in time and space. The prevailing wind system and topography are the dominant physical factors affecting the spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall in this region. West Timor can be classified into one homogenous rainfall region based on annual daily maximum rainfall analysis, but into two homogenous rainfall regions based on monthly rainfall analysis. The Gumbel distribution is an acceptable model for at-site and regional frequency analysis. -- The severity and vulnerability of drought is significant even in the wet season. At site 6 for example, only two months in the wet season are wet enough for rice, and only four months for dry land crops at a reliability level of 75%. The results of this study should provide better guidance to engineers involved in irrigation and agricultural planning in West Timor. In addition, the results obtained provide an up date of an earlier study by Crippen Consultants (1980).

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/6701
Item ID: 6701
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 101-104.
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 1993
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Indonesia--Timor Island
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Rainfall frequencies--Indonesia--Timor Island; Droughts--Indonesia--Timor Island

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