Depositional and tectonic history of the Guerrero Terrane, Sierra Madre de Sur, with emphasis on sedimentary successions of the Teloloapan area, southwestern Mexico

Guerrero-Suastegui, Martin (2004) Depositional and tectonic history of the Guerrero Terrane, Sierra Madre de Sur, with emphasis on sedimentary successions of the Teloloapan area, southwestern Mexico. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

The Pacific margin of Mexico is formed by Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous arc-related successions of the Guerrero Terrane. The Guerrero Terrane in southwestern Mexico is divided into three subterranes: from west to east: the Zihuatanejo-Huetamo subterrane, Arceha - Palmar Chico subterrane, and Teloloapan subterrane. -- This thesis research targets the Teloloapan subterrane and is aimed at establishing its stratigraphy, sedimentology, petrography and geochemistry as the basis for an improved understanding of its tectonic history. The Teloloapan subterrane contains a thick Lower Cretaceous age sequence of volcanic, volcaniclastic, and carbonate rocks (the arc-related succession), which is covered by Upper Cretaceous mostly deep-water siliciclastic rocks (the sedimentary cover successions). All rocks are strongly deformed. -- The arc-related succession contains three formations (Villa Ayala, Acapetlahuaya and Teloloapan formations) showing concordant and transitional boundaries. Facies analysis of the Villa Ayala and Acapetlahuaya formations (Berriasian-Late Aptian) records the construction of volcanic build-ups and their destruction by gravity-current processes that formed slope-apron deposits. Carbonate rocks of the Teloloapan Formation developed on top of extinct volcanoes and formed an Aptian-Albian carbonate platform. -- The Miahuatepec and Mezcala formations constitute the sedimentary cover succession. The Mezcala Formation is comprised of interbedded sandstone and shale with minor thin-bedded limestone and calcareous breccias. The Miahuatepec Formation is a thick sequence of interbedded sandstone and shale with minor thin-bedded limestone. Facies analysis shows both units were deposited by low- to high- concentration turbidity currents on the middle to lower parts of submarine fans. -- Volcaniclastic and epiclastic sandstones from the arc-related succession are rich in volcanic lithic grains derived from contemporaneous volcanic source. They have an undissected to transitional arc provenance (terminology of W. R. Dickinson). Geochemical data indicate a mafic to felsic volcanic source with a calc-alkaline affinity. REE patterns are similar to those of evolved intraoceanic arcs. -- Sandstones from the Mezcala Formation show quartzolithic and carbonate-rich petrofacies, while the sandstones of the Miahuatepec Formation are mainly quartzolithic. Both formations were derived by erosion of volcanic sources and have a transitional to dissected arc provenance. The Mezcala Formation also has a coeval formations contribution from the erosion of platform carbonates of the Teloloapan Formation. Geochemistry of the Miahuatepec Formation supports a calc-alkaline volcanic source with REE pattems similar to those of evolved intraoceanic arcs. -- The tectonic history of southwestem Mexico seems to be characterized by intraoceanic arcs (Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous), followed by cessation of volcanism and development of an island-arc carbonate platform (Albian-Cenomanian) in the Teloloapan area. Contemporaneously, a jump in subduction forms the volcanic rocks of the Arcelia - Palmar Chico subterrane. The Guerrero Terrane was accreted to the "cratonic" Mixteca Terrane during the Late Cretaceous.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/6665
Item ID: 6665
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 273-299.
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences
Date: 2004
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Mexico--Teloloapan; Mexico--Sierra Madre de Sur
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Geology, Structural--Mexico; Sedimentation and deposition--Mexico

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