Mobile Mental Health Crisis Intervention in the Western Health Region of Newfoundland and Labrador

Kean , Robert and Bornstein, Stephen and Mackey, Sarah (2012) Mobile Mental Health Crisis Intervention in the Western Health Region of Newfoundland and Labrador. Project Report. Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research.

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Abstract

The impetus for this research is Recommendation #15 of the 2003 Luther Inquiry into the deaths of Norman Reid and Darryl Power: “IT IS FURTHER RECOMMENDED that the Regional Health Boards establish mobile health units to respond to mentally ill persons in crisis where no criminal offence is alleged. Each unit would be developed locally and based on local needs.” Our stakeholder partners in the Western Regional Health Authority asked us to identify a range of mobile crisis intervention service models, some of which may be better suited to lower-density, rural populations and some of which may be better suited to higher-density areas like Corner Brook. Our partners expressed a particular interest in models that can be implemented with minimal additional human resources, but that involve local, face-to-face contact rather than telephone, electronic, or clinic-based models of service delivery. The term “crisis intervention” generally refers to any immediate, short-term therapeutic interventions or assistance provided to an individual or group of individuals who are in acute psychological distress or crisis. The term encompasses a number of after-the-fact interventions – such as rape counseling and critical incident stress debriefing – that would not be relevant to the kinds of situations described in the Luther Report. Given the project parameters specified by our partners at Western Health, we formulated a research question and a literature search strategy that would enable us to focus specifically on forms of crisis intervention that are designed to manage potentially dangerous mental health crises on-site rather than to mediate their impacts after the fact. Our research question is as follows: “What models of mobile– i.e., face-to-face – crisis intervention have proven effective in managing potentially violent mental health crises occurring outside the hospital setting?”

Item Type: Report (Project Report)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/635
Item ID: 635
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Divisions > Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research
Date: August 2012
Date Type: Publication
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