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We have developed a simple and economical procedure to demonstrate the effects of roughness and wetting fraction on the equilibrium contact angles of liquid droplets on solid surfaces. Contact angles for droplets placed on a rough surface, which wet only a portion of the surface, are larger than the contact angles of droplets formed by condensation of steam, which wet the surface more completely. These contact angle data facilitate assessments of changes in true surface area, due to surface roughening, as well as changes in the fractional contact areas of the water droplets, due to the formation of air pockets between the rough surface and the droplet.
|Department(s):||Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography|
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