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We demonstrate that changes in electrolyte composition and applied potential during aqueous electrodeposition can be used to tune the magnetic hysteresis response of thin-film Fe3O4 (magnetite) on polycrystalline metal substrates. X-ray diffraction data confirmed that magnetite formation in electrolytes containing KCH3COO (0.04–2.0 M) and Fe(SO4)2(NH4)2 (0.01M) required temperatures between 60 and 85 °C, and deposition potentials between −0.300 and −0.575 V or galvanostatic current densities between 50 and 88 μA/cm2. Scanning electron microscopy studies show that magnetite crystallites tend to adopt different habits depending on the electrolyte composition. Room-temperature magnetic hysteresis responses (squareness and coercivity) are dependent upon the crystal habit of deposits, implying that the electrolyte’s acetate concentration influences the magnetic domain structure of the resulting magnetite deposits. Magnetite crystallites grown from electrolytes with low acetate concentrations showed pseudo-single-domain magnetic response, while magnetite grown from acetate-enriched electrolytes showed multidomain magnetic response.
|Department(s):||Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography|
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