Tuning magnetic hysteresis of electrodeposited Fe 3 O 4

Poduska, Kristin M. and Chatman, Shawn and Noel, Adam J. G. (2005) Tuning magnetic hysteresis of electrodeposited Fe 3 O 4. Journal of Applied Physics, 98. ISSN 0021-8979

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Abstract

We demonstrate that changes in electrolyte composition and applied potential during aqueous electrodeposition can be used to tune the magnetic hysteresis response of thin-film Fe3O4 (magnetite) on polycrystalline metal substrates. X-ray diffraction data confirmed that magnetite formation in electrolytes containing KCH3COO (0.04–2.0 M) and Fe(SO4)2(NH4)2 (0.01M) required temperatures between 60 and 85 °C, and deposition potentials between −0.300 and −0.575 V or galvanostatic current densities between 50 and 88 μA/cm2. Scanning electron microscopy studies show that magnetite crystallites tend to adopt different habits depending on the electrolyte composition. Room-temperature magnetic hysteresis responses (squareness and coercivity) are dependent upon the crystal habit of deposits, implying that the electrolyte’s acetate concentration influences the magnetic domain structure of the resulting magnetite deposits. Magnetite crystallites grown from electrolytes with low acetate concentrations showed pseudo-single-domain magnetic response, while magnetite grown from acetate-enriched electrolytes showed multidomain magnetic response.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/6217
Item ID: 6217
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography
Date: 2005
Date Type: Publication
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