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Constant-potential electrochemical synthesis of ZnO on metal substrates enables selective formation of either Ohmic or Schottky-barrier contacts. Using a mildly acidic nitrate-based aqueous electrolyte, there is a substrate-dependent deposition potential below which electrodeposited ZnO heterojunctions display Schottky response with high contact resistances (~10^5 Ω) and above which Ohmic behavior and low contact resistances (~1 Ω)occur. Voltammetric evidence for Zn metal deposition, in conjunction with Schottky-barrier heights that are consistent with values expected for a ZnO–Zn junction, suggests that more negative deposition potentials create a Zn-based interface between the substrate and ZnO that leads to rectifying behavior.
|Department(s):||Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography|
|Date:||2 January 2008|
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