Attitude and heading reference system for small unmanned aircraft collision avoidance maneuvers

Murrant, Kevin (2012) Attitude and heading reference system for small unmanned aircraft collision avoidance maneuvers. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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  • [img] [English] PDF - Accepted Version
    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
    (Original Version)

Abstract

This thesis describes the development of an Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) to sense three-dimensional orientation for collision avoidance control in small unmanned aircraft. Unmanned aircraft are currently restricted to flight in designated airspace due to safety concerns of collision with manned aircraft. Therefore, collision avoidance is necessary to ensure the safety of both aircraft. Technical challenges, mainly in sensor limitations, restrict AHRS performance in attitude estimation during high-g maneuvers. Using sensor filtering techniques and a robust attitude representation, an AHRS suitable for collision avoidance is developed. Acceleration disturbances are reduced using estimates of non-gravitational accelerations including centripetal acceleration and model-based acceleration to improve gravity vector measurement during aircraft maneuvers. Simulation results with a variety of maneuvers deemed challenging for most AHRS are given showing accurate attitude estimates. Flight data from an existing commercial autopilot is compared with the results of the AHRS to demonstrate the validity of the solution with real flight data.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/6159
Item ID: 6159
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 67-72).
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 2012
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Drone aircraft--Control systems--Simulation methods; Airplanes--Collision avoidance--Simulation methods; Guidance systems (Flight)--Simulation methods

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