Dnmt1 and Dnmt3 of the winter skate (leucoraja ocellata)

Lake, Gordon D. (2012) Dnmt1 and Dnmt3 of the winter skate (leucoraja ocellata). Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

Chromatin management throughout vertebrate development is a stringently controlled and dynamic process. One event involved in that process is the covalent modification of cytosine nucleotides by the addition of a methyl group to the fifth carbon atom of the pyrimidine ring. Enzymes involved in establishing and maintaining DNA methylation patterns (DNA-methyltransferases: Dnmts) have been isolated and characterized in the teleost and mammalian lineages. There are structural similarities between enzymes as well as basic developmental expression patterns but there are fundamental differences in gene number and function in the context of two very different reproductive strategies. Subclass Elasmobranchii displays a wide variety of reproductive strategies and studying genome management in this subclass could provide great insight into the key differences and similarities in DNA methylation observed in the tetrapod and teleost models. I have isolated and characterized the first full length cDNAs of the maintenance and de novo methyltransferases ( Dnmt1 andDnmt3 respectively) from the Winter Skate (Leucoraja ocellata ), a member of subclass Elasmobranchii. Evidence is presented for multiple Dnmt3 splice variants as well as at least two Dnmt3 retrotransposed pseudogenes. Preliminary experiments indicate that the early developmental methylation dynamics observed in both mammals and teleosts may also be present in L. ocellata.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/6139
Item ID: 6139
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 98-115).
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biology
Date: 2012
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Skates (Fishes)--Genetics; Skates (Fishes)--Reproduction--Regulation; DNA--Methylation; Methyltransferases;

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