History of Cesarean Section Associated with Childhood Onset of T1DM in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Phillips, J. and Gill, N. and Sikdar, K. and Penney, S. and Newhook, Leigh A. (2012) History of Cesarean Section Associated with Childhood Onset of T1DM in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2012. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1687-9813

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Abstract

Objectives. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) has one of the highest incidences of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) worldwide. Rates of T1DM are increasing and the search for environmental factors that may be contributing to this increase is continuing. Methods. This was a population-based case control design involving the linkage of data from a diabetes database with live birth registration data. 266 children aged 0–15 years with T1DM were compared to age- and gender-matched controls. Chi-square analysis and multivariate conditional logistic regression were carried out to assess maternal and infant factors (including maternal age, marital status, education, T1DM, hypertension, birth order, delivery method, gestational age, size-for-gestational-age, and birth weight). Results. Cases of T1DM were more likely to be large-for-gestational-age (P = 0.024) and delivered by C-section (P = 0.009) as compared to controls. C-section delivery was associated with increased risk of T1DM (HR 1.41, P = 0.015) when birth weight and gestational age were included in the model, but not when size-for-gestational-age was included (HR 1.3, P = 0.076). Conclusions. Birth by C-section was found to be a risk factor for the development of T1DM in a region with high rates of T1DM and birth by C-section. These findings may have an impact on health practice, health care planning, and future research.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/613
Item ID: 613
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author’s Fund
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of > Clinical Disciplines > Pediatrics
Date: 27 February 2012
Date Type: Submission

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