Tamarack (Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch) as a biological indicator of wind

Robertson, Alexander (1984) Tamarack (Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch) as a biological indicator of wind. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

A major obstacle to validation of climatic models involving estimates of wind is the technical and economic constraints which preclude effective and efficient measurement of wind over complex terrain, especially over forested terrain. -- This thesis examines tamarack as a biological indicator of wind as an alternative method of estimating the spatial variation of mean wind speed and direction in complex, forested terrain. The deformation of tamarack, including crown deformation and tree-ring asymmetry, was calibrated against the mean wind speed and direction at seven meteorological stations across Newfoundland. The indices were tested in a biological wind survey of the Black Mountain area, Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland. The results show that tree deformation is caused primarily by summer southwesterlies. A crown deformation ratio, D'r, adapted to tamarack, was found to be a reliable indicator of wind in complex terrain. A compression index, C₁, describing tree-ring asymmetry, gave a reasonably good estimate of wind on level terrain but was not reliable for estimating wind in complex terrain.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/5524
Item ID: 5524
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 117-128.
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Geography
Date: 1984
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Plants--Effect of wind on; Winds--Measurement; Tamarack

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