Pattern of carbon dioxide production and retention is similar in adult pigs when fed hourly, but not when fed a single meal

Moehn, Soenke and Bertolo, Robert F. P. and Pencharz, Paul B. and Ball, Ronald O. (2004) Pattern of carbon dioxide production and retention is similar in adult pigs when fed hourly, but not when fed a single meal. BMC Physiology, 4 (11). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1472-6793

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Abstract

Background The understanding of bicarbonate kinetics and CO2 retention in the body is necessary to conduct amino acid tracer oxidation studies in both humans and laboratory animals. Significant metabolic activity is associated with eating which can affect bicarbonate steady state kinetics. A study was conducted to assess the impact of feeding regimen on the recovery of labelled bicarbonate and energy expenditure in adult female pigs (sows). Five catheterized sows (235 ± 5 kg) were fed semi-synthetic diets as: a single meal 2 h into the infusion after an overnight fast, or in eight hourly meals starting 2 h before the infusion. Oxygen consumption, CO2 production and 14CO2 recovery (ie fraction not retained) were determined during primed, constant intravenous infusions of NaH14CO3. Results The 14CO2 recovery (%) after fasting (58.1 ± 4.8) was lower than that after single meal feeding (78.8 ± 5.9) or hourly meal feeding (81.0 ± 2.6, P = 0.03). CO2 production correlated with 14CO2 recovery during hourly feeding (r = 0.40, P = 0.01); this relationship was not significant after single meal feeding (P = 0.30), probably due to physical activity-associated CO2 production. Conclusions The correlation of CO2 retention factors with CO2 production during hourly feeding suggests that this regimen should be preferred for future amino acid kinetics studies.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/458
Item ID: 458
Keywords: animal experiment; article; controlled study; correlation analysis; diet restriction; feeding; hypercapnia; kinetics; meal; nonhuman; physical activity; swine
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biochemistry
Date: 8 July 2004
Date Type: Publication

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