Ahmed, Zubair M. and Cindy Li, Xiaoyan and Powell, Shontell D. and Riazuddin, Saima and Young, Terry-Lynn and Ramzan, Khushnooda and Ahmad, Zahoor and Luscombe, Sandra and Dhillon, Kiran and MacLaren, Linda and Ploplis, Barbara and Shotland, Lawrence I. and Ives, Elizabeth and Riazuddin, Seikh and Friedman, Thomas B. and Morell, Robert J. and Wilcox, Edward R. (2004) Characterization of a new full length TMPRSS3 isoform and identification of mutant alleles responsible for nonsyndromic recessive deafness in Newfoundland and Pakistan. BMC Medical Genetics , 5 (24). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1471-2350
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Background: Mutant alleles of TMPRSS3 are associated with nonsyndromic recessive deafness (DFNB8/B10). TMPRSS3 encodes a predicted secreted serine protease, although the deduced amino acid sequence has no signal peptide. In this study, we searched for mutant alleles of TMPRSS3 in families from Pakistan and Newfoundland with recessive deafness co-segregating with DFNB8/B10 linked haplotypes and also more thoroughly characterized the genomic structure of TMPRSS3. Methods: We enrolled families segregating recessive hearing loss from Pakistan and Newfoundland. Microsatellite markers flanking the TMPRSS3 locus were used for linkage analysis. DNA samples from participating individuals were sequenced for TMPRSS3. The structure of TMPRSS3 was characterized bioinformatically and experimentally by sequencing novel cDNA clones of TMPRSS3. Results: We identified mutations in TMPRSS3 in four Pakistani families with recessive, nonsyndromic congenital deafness. We also identified two recessive mutations, one of which is novel, of TMPRSS3 segregating in a six-generation extended family from Newfoundland. The spectrum of TMPRSS3 mutations is reviewed in the context of a genotype-phenotype correlation. Our study also revealed a longer isoform of TMPRSS3 with a hitherto unidentified exon encoding a signal peptide, which is expressed in several tissues. Conclusion: Mutations of TMPRSS3 contribute to hearing loss in many communities worldwide and account for 1.8% (8 of 449) of Pakistani families segregating congenital deafness as an autosomal recessive trait. The newly identified TMPRSS3 isoform e will be helpful in the functional characterization of the full length protein.
|Keywords:||article; autosomal recessive inheritance; bioinformatics; Canada; congenital deafness; controlled study; DNA determination; DNA sequence; exon; family study; gene identification; gene mutation; genotype phenotype correlation; hearing impairment; human; major clinical study; mutational analysis; nucleotide sequence; Pakistan; protein analysis; protein expression; protein function; protein structure; recessive inheritance|
|Department(s):||Medicine, Faculty of > Clinical Disciplines > Pediatrics|
|Date:||24 September 2004|
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