Recovery of digestive enzymes from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and their utilization in food processing

Han, Xiao-Qing (1993) Recovery of digestive enzymes from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and their utilization in food processing. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

An extraction process for the recovery of proteolytic enzymes from the digestive tract of cod (Gadus morha) is described. Processing variables were optimized by employing a rotatable experimental design with computer graphics-assisted response surface methodology (RSM). A simple extraction procedure was developed which effectively isolated both acid and alkaline proteases from cod viscera with recovery yields of 52% and 30%, respectively. Further purification and characterization revealed that the crude acid proteases consisted of three types of gastric enzymes designated as acid proteases A, B, and C. Acid protease B was classified as fish pepsin II. Acid proteases A and C possessed properties similar to chymosin and gastricsin, respectively. The partially purified alkaline proteases possessed properties of trypsin-like enzymes and acted on N-benzoyl-L-tyrosine ethyl ester (BTEE), a synthetic substrate for chymotrypsin. -- Utilization of the crude isolated proteases was tested in milk-clotting for cheese making, as well as preparation of protein hydrolysates from under-utilized fish species. Cod pepsin was capable of clotting milk efficiently at low temperatures, which shows its potential use in cold renneting of milk. Capelin protein hydrolysate with a recovery yield of 55.8% was obtained when crude cod gastric proteases were used over a 4 h hydrolysis period at ambient temperatures.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/4079
Item ID: 4079
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 120-135.
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biochemistry
Date: 1993
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Atlantic cod; Digestive enzymes; Fishery processing

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