Kennedy, Aaron and Vasdev, Sudesh and Randell, Edward and Xie, Yagang and Green, Kristian and Zhang, Hongwei and Sun, Guang (2009) Abnormality of Serum Lipids are Independently Associated with Increased Serum Calcium Level in the Adult Newfoundland Population. Clinical Medicine Insights: Endocrinology and Diabetes, 2. pp. 15-23. ISSN 1179-5514
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Some epidemiological evidence shows a link between abnormality of lipid profiles and variations in serum calcium. However, it is unknown whether this association resulted from confounding factors. The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between serum lipids and calcium. Serum calcium was corrected for albumin. Major confounding factors including age, gender, medications, menopause, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-OH-vitamin D status were controlled in analyses. A total of 1907 adult subjects from the province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), Canada participated in the study. Significant positive correlations were detected between serum total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c) with variations of serum Ca ++ in both genders (p < 0.05-0.0001). Significant positive correlations were additionally detected between triglycerides (TG) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) with Ca ++ in women only (p < 0.0001) in partial correlation analyses. Similar significant results were detected in both females and males not taking any medication. Analyses were performed based on menopausal status as well. Significant correlations were seen in both pre- and post-menopausal women but higher correlation coefficients were observed in pre-menopausal women as compared to post-menopausal women. Subjects with low calcium levels had the lowest concentration of total cholesterol, TG, HDL-c and LDL-c, while subjects with high calcium levels had the highest concentration of all four markers in women. The significant associations between cholesterol, TG and LDL-c and serum Ca ++ remained after calcium was adjusted for 25-OH-vitamin D and PTH. Our results indicate that the abnormality of serum lipid profiles are significantly correlated with altered serum Ca ++ levels independent of age, obesity status, medication, phosphorus, magnesium, 25-OH-vitamin D and PTH.
|Keywords:||adult; age; age distribution; article; body composition; calcium blood level; Canada; cholesterol blood level; confounding variable; controlled study; correlation analysis; cross-sectional study; drug use; dyslipidemia; female; gene interaction; genetic variability; human; hypercalcemia; lifestyle; lipid blood level; male; nutritional assessment; obesity; physical activity; population research; postmenopause; premenopause; sex difference; triacylglycerol blood level|
|Department(s):||Medicine, Faculty of|
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