The archaeology of a late 18th century sealing post in southern Labrador : George Cartwright's 'Stage Cove'

McAleese, Kevin E. (1991) The archaeology of a late 18th century sealing post in southern Labrador : George Cartwright's 'Stage Cove'. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

Clarke suggests that text-aided archaeology can "increasingly provide vital experiments in which purely archaeological data may be controlled by documentary data, bearing in mind the inherent biases of both" (1973:18). This thesis uses artifacts and text in order to investigate life at Stage Cove, a small sealing post in southern Labrador. Its occupation during the 1770s by approximately 20 to 30 Anglo-Irish sealers, fishermen, fur trappers, and a few Inuit was documented by George Cartwright, the merchant who managed Stage Cove. His journal contains a wealth of general and specific information on the social and economic structure and operation of this and other late 18th century frontier posts in southern Labrador. Like the journals of many explorers or traders however, it presents a singular view of that social and economic structure tailored for a select audience, apparently the British elite (Cartwright 1792 vol.1:xiii-xvi). -- This thesis compares artifacts and architectural remains recovered during an archaeological excavation of the site in 1986, with Cartwright’s journal and other site documentation. Comparing these independent lines of evidence should provide a more comprehensive interpretation of site activity than would archaeology or the documentary record alone. The degree to which the lines of evidence converge will help strengthen interpretations of the site's history.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/4012
Item ID: 4012
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 164-193.
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Anthropology
Date: 1991
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Canada--Newfoundland and Labrador--Stage Cove
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Cartwright, George, 1739-1819; Excavations (Archaeology)--Newfoundland and Labrador--Stage Cove; Stage Cove (N.L.)--Antiquities

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